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Abhisamayālaṃkāra (Ornament for Clear Realization)  

James B. Apple

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The Abhisamayālaṃkāra (Ornament for clear realization) is an instructional treatise on the Prajñāpāramitā, or Perfect Wisdom, whose authorship is traditionally attributed to Maitreyanātha ... More

African American Islam  

Herbert Berg

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The first Muslims arrived in the American colonies and later in the United States as African slaves. Although a few and noteworthy Muslim American slaves left written records of their ... More

African Americans and Religion  

Sylvester A. Johnson

Beginning with trans-Atlantic slavery, which forced hundreds of thousands of people into what is presently the United States, religion among African Americans consistently featured a ... More

Agency, Voluntarism, and Predestination in American Religion  

Peter J. Thuesen

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
In the free marketplace of religious ideas that is the United States, Americans have disagreed over many things. The form of church government, the proper way to worship, the extent of the ... More

The Alawis  

Stephan Procházka

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The ʿAlawis are adherents of an Islamic sect, the origin of which can be traced back to 9th-century Iraq. They are an offshoot of early Shiah Islam with ancient Iranian, Christian, and ... More

The Alevis  

Gisela Procházka-Eisl

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The Alevis are a religious community on the periphery of Shia Islam. The name “Alevi” means “Adherents of ʿAli,” alluding to Muhammad’s son-in-law and cousin ʿAli ibn Abi Talib, who enjoys ... More

Alternative Religious Movements and Race in America  

Emily Suzanne Clark

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Alternative religious movements have played a significant role in American history. There is no easy definition for these types of groups; their ideas and practices vary. One clear ... More

American Foreign Mission Movement, c. 1870–1920s  

Tracy Neal Leavelle

Online publication date:
May 2018
The American foreign mission movement at the turn of the 20th century adopted as its watchword “the evangelization of the world in this generation.” The rapid expansion of missionary ... More

American Narratives of Sin and Salvation  

W. Clark Gilpin

Online publication date:
Dec 2017
Sin and salvation, as an interconnected pair of ideas, imply that human life as it is ordinarily lived has been diverted from its true good or distorted from its proper form. Taken ... More

American Protestant Foreign Missions after World War II  

David C. Kirkpatrick

Online publication date:
Jan 2018
After the Second World War, the drama of Protestant missions featured a diversifying cast of characters. Local actors in the Global South, alongside reform-minded missionaries from the ... More

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