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Nominalism and the Via Moderna in Luther’s Theological Work  

Pekka Kärkkäinen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther’s adoption of the theology of the via moderna (also called the Nominalists) varied during the late medieval period. This school of thought had developed during the 15th century ... More

Ordination: A Catholic Ecclesiological Approach  

James F. Puglisi

Online publication date:
May 2016
Several important works on the history and theology of ordination have been published in the English-speaking world, among the most recent of which is one by Dr. Paul F. Bradshaw.1 The ... More

Orthodox Christians and the Evangelical Lutheran Tradition  

A.G. Roeber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Despite positive remarks that Martin Luther made about the “Greeks,” neither he nor Philip Melanchthon possessed personal knowledge of, nor extensive contact with, the Orthodox Church of ... More

Penance, Confession, Forgiveness, and Reconciliation in Martin Luther’s Context and Writings  

Ronald K. Rittgers

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Martin Luther vigorously opposed the traditional sacrament of penance and the theology upon which it was based, arguing that they had no scriptural warrant and that they promoted a ... More

The Pentateuch  

Thomas B. Dozeman

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

Poetry, Prophecy, and Theological Revelation  

William Franke

Online publication date:
May 2016
In the history and prehistory of human societies, poets, prophets, and seers (the word vates can cover all three) have often been virtually indistinguishable from one another. From time ... More

Portrayals of Martin Luther in Print, Stage and Film  

Derek R. Nelson

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
So much is known about Martin Luther, and the stakes of telling his story have been perceived to be so high, that an astonishing variety of presentations of his life have been offered. ... More

Primitivism in America  

Matthew Bowman

Historians most often use the term primitivism to refer to the attempt to reconstruct a religious tradition’s original theology, structure, or beliefs. Primitivists believe that the ... More

Printing, Propaganda, and Public Opinion in the Age of Martin Luther  

David Bagchi

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Luther had a notoriously ambivalent attitude towards what was still the new technology of the printing press. He could both praise it as God’s highest act of grace for the proclamation of ... More

Promise in Martin Luther’s Thought and Theology  

Gregory Walter

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Martin Luther used the practice and notion of promise for theological and practical ends. As a theological notion, promise allowed Luther to work through important problems about God and ... More

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