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The Cosmological Vision of Martin Luther  

Mickey L. Mattox

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Christianity
Martin Luther was not an original contributor to the study of cosmology, and if one were to judge only by his explicit remarks on the matter, it would seem to have been of little interest ... More

The Cross and the Theologia Crucis  

Robert C. Saler

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
While the term theologia crucis itself is most prominent in Luther’s early works, the later texts bear up the scholarly contention that the fundamental contrast between “cross” and ... More

The Debate between Martin Luther and Erasmus  

Robert Kolb

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Christianity
Martin Luther and Desiderius Erasmus played somewhat significant roles in each other’s lives. Their early relationship is not free from a sense of the serious differences that divided ... More

Desire, Love, and Romance in the Hebrew Bible  

J. Cheryl Exum

In the Hebrew Bible human sexual desire is, for the most part, constructed as male and as dangerous. In the patriarchal economy of ancient Israel, in which women were subordinated to men ... More

The Distinction between Law and Gospel in Martin Luther’s Theological Development  

Charles P. Arand

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Martin Luther’s insistence on the proper distinction between law and gospel in theology marks one of his most important contributions to the Reformation movement and subsequent Protestant ... More

Early Christian Worship  

Paul F. Bradshaw

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Subject:
Christianity
The forms of Christian worship changed and developed considerably during the first four centuries of its existence, not least from a distinctive local or regional diversity to an ... More

Emotions and Experience in Martin Luther  

Pekka Kärkkäinen

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Martin Luther’s view of emotions is firmly based on traditional language. He prefers to use affect as a general term for emotional phenomena, which includes general inclinations of love ... More

Eucharistic Liturgy and Theology  

John Baldovin

Online publication date:
May 2015
Subject:
Christianity
The Eucharist is a liturgical meal of bread and wine, which is almost always preceded by a service of reading the Scriptures. Christians attribute the origin of the Eucharist to Jesus ... More

Freemasonry’s Sacred Space in America  

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Please check back later for the full article. American ... More

The German Catholic Dioceses on the Eve of the Reformation  

Charlotte Methuen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Christianity
The structures of the late medieval Church into which Martin Luther was born and within which he received his education and theological training were complicated, particularly in the ... More

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