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The Gift in Martin Luther’s Theology  

Bo Kristian Holm

In analyzing the role of gift and giving in Martin Luther’s theology, one almost inevitably has to deal with the contrast between Marcel Mauss’s description of archaic gift economy, where ... More

God and Chance: Christian Perspectives  

David J. Bartholomew

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
In many quarters God and chance are still seen as mutually exclusive alternatives. It is common to hear that ascribing anything to “chance” rules out God’s action. Recent ... More

God in Martin Luther  

Jan-Olav Henriksen

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Luther’s understanding of God saturates his oeuvre, and in turn, this understanding is saturated by his doctrine of the justification of the sinner. God is the sovereign source and origin ... More

God in the Old Testament  

Brent A. Strawn

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Please check back later for the full article. The God ... More

History of Ancient Israel  

H. G. M. Williamson

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The history of ancient Israel is best known to most people from the narratives in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. There, however, the name “Israel” covers a wide diversity of social and ... More

The History of the Modern Liturgical Movement  

Keith F. Pecklers

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Subject:
Christianity
The 20th-century liturgical movement grew in tandem with the biblical, ecumenical, ecclesiological, and patristic movements, all part of a wider movement of resourcement—a return to ... More

The Incarnation in Martin Luther’s Theology  

Anne Käfer

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther’s understanding of the Incarnation concerns various subject areas in his theology, among them his understanding of scripture, his teaching on the sacraments in particular, as well ... More

The Influence of Renaissance Humanism and Skepticism on Martin Luther  

William J. Wright

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
When Martin Luther began his academic studies at Erfurt, Renaissance humanism and skepticism had become well entrenched in the German academic world. He also found them at Wittenberg. ... More

Jesus Christ in Martin Luther’s Theology  

Johannes Zachhuber

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther’s theology is strongly Christocentric, but Christology is rarely the central focus of his writings. In some of his most considered summaries of his own faith, he presents ... More

Johannes von Staupitz’s Influence on Martin Luther  

Franz Posset

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The impact of Johannes von Staupitz (c. 1468–1524) on Martin Luther can hardly be overestimated. Staupitz was elected vicar general of the reformed Augustinian Order in 1503. Between 1504 ... More

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