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God in the Old Testament  

Brent A. Strawn

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Please check back later for the full article. The God ... More

Gods in Ancient Egypt  

Oskar Kaelin

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The ancient Egyptians were surrounded by various manifestations of their many gods. Though their gods usually lived in heaven or in the netherworlds, they were permanently represented on ... More

Greek and Roman Priests and Religious Personnel  

Robert Garland

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
The Christian word “priest,” which is generally used to translate the Greek word hiereus and the Latin word sacerdos, only inadequately captures the essence of how those who bore this ... More

Hinduism in America  

Amanda Lucia

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Hinduism came to the United States first in the American imagination and only second with emissaries and immigrants from India. The initial features of Hinduism that captivated North ... More

Hispanics and Religion in America  

Kristy Nabhan-Warren

What is today known as U.S. “Hispanic” culture is in reality a diverse array of ethnic, regional, national, and religious peoples and communities. Hispanic Americans trace their lineage ... More

The History of the Modern Liturgical Movement  

Keith F. Pecklers

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Subject:
Christianity
The 20th-century liturgical movement grew in tandem with the biblical, ecumenical, ecclesiological, and patristic movements, all part of a wider movement of resourcement—a return to ... More

History of Ancient Israel  

H. G. M. Williamson

Online publication date:
Sep 2015
The history of ancient Israel is best known to most people from the narratives in the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. There, however, the name “Israel” covers a wide diversity of social and ... More

Homa: Tantric Fire Ritual  

Richard K. Payne

The homa is a votive offering involving the construction of a fire in a hearth-altar, and the immolation of offerings in the fire. The altar is homologized with a mandala, and as with ... More

The Incarnation in Martin Luther’s Theology  

Anne Käfer

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther’s understanding of the Incarnation concerns various subject areas in his theology, among them his understanding of scripture, his teaching on the sacraments in particular, as well ... More

The Influence of Renaissance Humanism and Skepticism on Martin Luther  

William J. Wright

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
When Martin Luther began his academic studies at Erfurt, Renaissance humanism and skepticism had become well entrenched in the German academic world. He also found them at Wittenberg. ... More

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