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Japanese Suicide  

Paul S. Atkins

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Please check back later for the full article. Suicide ... More

Jātaka  

Naomi Appleton

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Subject:
Buddhism 
A jātaka story narrates an episode in a past life of the Buddha. Such tales are found in a variety of Buddhist texts, the largest and best known of which is the Jātakatthavaṇṇanā, a ... More

Jewish Liturgy  

Ruth Langer

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Jewish liturgy is a complex phenomenon, manifesting change over time and place as well as some significant diversity today. Today’s prayers emerged from the rituals of the rabbis of the ... More

Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought and History  

Asma Afsaruddin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In both popular and scholarly literature, jihad is primarily assumed to be a monovalent concept referring to “military/armed combat,” and martyrdom (shahada) is inevitably understood to be ... More

Johannes von Staupitz’s Influence on Martin Luther  

Franz Posset

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Subject:
Christianity
The impact of Johannes von Staupitz (c. 1468–1524) on Martin Luther can hardly be overestimated. Staupitz was elected vicar general of the reformed Augustinian Order in 1503. Between 1504 ... More

Judaism and Visual Art  

Melissa Raphael

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Until the late 20th century, it was widely assumed that visual art could be of only negligible significance to a Jewish tradition that had been principally mediated through written texts. ... More

Law, Religion, and the U.S. Supreme Court  

Derek H. Davis

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The United States Supreme Court’s religion jurisprudence is typically analyzed based on whether a court’s decision emerges from an Establishment Clause analysis or a Free Exercise Clause ... More

Liturgical Theology  

Joris Geldhof

Online publication date:
Mar 2015
Subject:
Christianity
Liturgical theology studies the meaning of Christian worship. Although it is a relatively recent approach, it is solidly anchored in the Christian tradition. Its present shape, fame, and ... More

Liturgy and Music at Hagia Sophia  

Bissera V. Pentcheva

Online publication date:
Apr 2016
Hagia Sophia, the former Orthodox Christian cathedral of Constantinople, is the single most important monument that survives from Byzantium. Its daring architecture of cascading dome and ... More

Martin Luther and Anti-Judaism and Anti-Semitism  

Christopher Ocker

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The uncomfortable question of Martin Luther’s place in the development of modern anti-Semitism is raised by Luther’s status as a national cultural icon after German unification (1871) and ... More

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