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Eucharistic Liturgy and Theology  

John Baldovin

Online publication date:
May 2015
The Eucharist is a liturgical meal of bread and wine, which is almost always preceded by a service of reading the Scriptures. Christians attribute the origin of the Eucharist to Jesus ... More

Evangelism, Mission, and Crusade in American Religion  

Sarah Ruble

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Evangelism, mission, and crusade are terms related to spreading a religious message. Although all three words are primarily used in relation to Christianity, evangelism and mission have ... More

The Evolution of Modern Jihadism  

Nelly Lahoud

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Political Islam has generated two ideological strands that use religious ideology to advance their goals, namely, Islamism and jihadism. On the one hand, Islamists have formulated a ... More

Feeling of Emptiness and Religion in America  

John Corrigan

As part of a broader turn in humanities scholarship toward emotion since the late 20th century, scholars of religion increasingly have explored how emotion has been a key component in the ... More

Festivals in Ancient Greece and Rome  

Fritz Graf

Online publication date:
May 2016
Festivals are periods of time, cut out from daily life, during which a group performs activities that are most often thought of as communications with the superhuman world. Festival names ... More

Four Noble Truths  

Carol S. Anderson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The Buddhist teaching known in English as the four noble truths is most often understood as the single most important teaching of the historical buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, who taught in ... More

Freemasonry’s Sacred Space in America  

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Religion. Please check back later for the full article. American ... More

Gender, Marriage, and Sexual Purity in American Religious History  

Seth Dowland

Throughout American history, religious people and groups have developed, sustained, or challenged cultural norms around gender, marriage, and sexual purity. Beginning with the earliest ... More

Race, Gender, Sexuality, and Religion in North America  

Anthony Petro

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The history of religion in the United States cannot be understood without attending to histories of race, gender, and sexuality. Since the 1960s, social and political movements for civil ... More

The German Catholic Dioceses on the Eve of the Reformation  

Charlotte Methuen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The structures of the late medieval Church into which Martin Luther was born and within which he received his education and theological training were complicated, particularly in the ... More

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