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Martin Luther in Norway  

Tarald Rasmussen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Until 1814, Norway was under Danish rule, and the story of Luther’s reception in Norway is included in the story of Luther’s reception in Denmark (cf. Niels Henrik Gregersen’s article on ... More

Martin Luther in Pietism  

Carter Lindberg

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Pietism, the major Protestant renewal movement in the 17th and 18th centuries, sought to bring the head into the heart, to recover an experiential-expressive faith, to continue Luther’s ... More

Martin Luther in Roman Catholic German-Language Theologies  

Wolfgang Thönissen

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
From the outset, Catholic interest in the life and work of Martin Luther stemmed from ecumenical inquiry as the 19th century ended. The Catholic research concerned with Luther that ... More

Martin Luther in Sweden  

Carl Axel Aurelius

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
In the Swedish history of Christian thought there are various interpretations of the Reformation and of Martin Luther and his work. In the 17th century, Luther predominately stood out as ... More

Martin Luther in the Age of Confessionalization  

Jens Wolff

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Luther was a point of reference in all three of the confessional cultures during the confessional age, though this was not something he had intended. His theological “self-fashioning” was ... More

Martin Luther in the Ecumenical Movement  

Sarah Hinlicky Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
It is by now a well-established fact that Martin Luther never intended to start a new church. He grounded his reforming and theological claims in the universally acknowledged canon of ... More

Martin Luther in the Eyes of His Roman Catholic Opponents  

Jared Wicks

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
From late 1517 into early 1521 Catholic theologians and church officials examined Luther’s publications for erroneous doctrines and to weigh the gravity of his heterodoxies. Pope Leo X ... More

Martin Luther in the German Enlightenment  

Albrecht Beutel

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Age of Enlightenment made an epochal paradigm shift in the assessment of Luther. This upheaval is exemplified in brief case studies from the literature, historiography, and theology of ... More

Martin Luther, Islam, and the Ottoman Turks  

Adam S. Francisco

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The geographical extension of Islam into Christian lands generated a wide variety of responses and a tremendous amount of consternation amidst its subject and neighboring populations. This ... More

Martin Luther, Jews, and Judaism  

Dorothea Wendebourg

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Martin Luther was engaged with the topic “Jews and Judaism” all his life, from his earliest works until his last. The main context for his preoccupation with this topic was interpretation ... More

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