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Cosmic War  

Mark Juergensmeyer

Online publication date:
May 2016
A “cosmic war” is an imagined battle between metaphysical forces—good and evil, right and wrong, order and chaos—that lies behind many cases of religion-related violence in the ... More

The Evolution of Modern Jihadism  

Nelly Lahoud

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Political Islam has generated two ideological strands that use religious ideology to advance their goals, namely, Islamism and jihadism. On the one hand, Islamists have formulated a ... More

Jihad and Martyrdom in Islamic Thought and History  

Asma Afsaruddin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In both popular and scholarly literature, jihad is primarily assumed to be a monovalent concept referring to “military/armed combat,” and martyrdom (shahada) is inevitably understood to be ... More

Law, Religion, and the U.S. Supreme Court  

Derek H. Davis

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The United States Supreme Court’s religion jurisprudence is typically analyzed based on whether a court’s decision emerges from an Establishment Clause analysis or a Free Exercise Clause ... More

Martin Luther, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, and Political Theologies  

Michael P. DeJonge

Contemporary political theology often defines itself against Lutheran social ethics, which is portrayed as politically disengaged and overly deferential to state power. At the same time, ... More

Martin Luther in German Historiography  

Zachary Purvis

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
What does Martin Luther mean for Germany? Formulated in such a way, this is an impossible question, due in no small measure to the existence of many “Luthers” and many “Germanys.” But it ... More

Martin Luther in Karl Marx  

Paul Hinlicky

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The topic of Luther in Marxism is vast and too diffuse to be useful to define issues and orient future research. However, the more limited topic of Luther in Marx is definite, manageable, ... More

Martin Luther’s Influence on Legal Reforms and Civil Law  

John Witte Jr.

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The Lutheran Reformation transformed not only theology and the church but law and the state as well. Beginning in the 1520s, Martin Luther joined up with various jurists and political ... More

Martyrdom and Religion in North America  

Adrian Chastain Weimer

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
In American history, venerating a death as martyrdom has been a way of claiming its significance within a narrative of ultimate victory. The words for martyr in both Greek and Arabic ... More

Muslim-Christian Relations: Historical and Contemporary Realities  

Jane Smith

Online publication date:
Apr 2015
Throughout the nearly fifteen centuries of Muslim-Christian encounter, individual adherents of both traditions often have lived peaceably with each other. At the same time, Muslim ... More

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